Common Injuries That Lead to Personal Injury Lawsuits (Burn Injury, Paralysis, & More)

Personal injury lawsuits arise from injuries sustained due to another party’s negligence, recklessness, or intentional misconduct. This article explores some of the most common and severe injuries that can form the basis for legal action, outlining the aspects and legal implications for injury lawyers Edmonton.

Head Injuries

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

A primary cause of disability and death, TBI disrupts normal brain function due to a blow, jolt, or penetration to the head. Severity ranges from concussions (temporary dysfunction) to penetrating injuries with permanent neurological damage. Over 1.5 million people sustain TBIs annually, with 50,000 resulting in death.

Mild TBI (mTBI)Also known as concussion, mTBI presents with temporary dysfunction, including confusion, dizziness, and headache. Most individuals recover fully within weeks to months.
Moderate TBICharacterized by longer periods of unconsciousness, post-traumatic amnesia (inability to recall events after the injury), and more pronounced cognitive deficits. Recovery timelines vary, with some individuals experiencing long-term impairments.
Severe TBIResults in a prolonged coma and neurological damage and often necessitates lifelong medical care and support from an injury lawyer Edmonton.

Musculoskeletal Injuries

Broken Bones (Fractures)

Fractures, commonly called broken bones, are a frequent consequence of accidents and injuries.

Closed Fracture (Simple Fracture)The bone breaks, but the skin remains intact. This is the most common type of fracture.
Open Fracture (Compound Fracture)The broken bone protrudes through the skin. Increasing the risk of infection and requires prompt medical attention.
Comminuted FractureThe bone shatters into multiple fragments, often requiring surgical intervention for proper alignment and healing.
Displaced FractureThe broken bone fragments shift out of their normal position, potentially causing deformity and compromising function.
Non-displaced FractureThe broken bone fragments remain aligned, generally requiring immobilization for healing.
Stress FractureA hairline crack caused by repetitive stress is often seen in athletes or individuals participating in high-impact activities.

Burn Injuries

Burns are grouped based on the depth and extent of tissue damage.

First-degree burnInvolves the epidermis (outermost skin layer), causing pain, redness, and swelling. These typically heal within 7-10 days without scarring.
Second-degree burnDamages the epidermis and dermis (deeper skin layer), resulting in blistering, pain, redness, and potential scarring. Healing can take several weeks, and scarring may vary depending on the severity.
Third-degree burnCripples the epidermis and dermis and may extend to underlying muscle, fat, or even bone. These burns appear white or charred, causing numbness and requiring extensive medical intervention, including skin grafting.

Catastrophic Injuries

Spinal Cord Injury (SCI)

The spinal cord is composed of nerves encased within the bony vertebrae of the spine. It acts as a communicative pathway for the brain and the rest of the body, transmitting messages that control movement, sensation, and autonomic functions like breathing, bladder, and bowel control.

SCI occurs when damage disrupts the normal function of the spinal cord. This is caused by:

  • Motorcycle accidents, falls, sports injuries, and violence are the leading causes of traumatic SCI.
  • Medical conditions like tumours, infections, and degenerative diseases can also cause spinal cord damage.

Classification of SCI by Neurological Level

Cervical SCI (C1-C8)Injuries at the top of the spinal cord affect all four limbs and can compromise vital functions like breathing and diaphragm control.
Thoracic SCI (T1-T12)Affects the torso and legs, with varying degrees of paralysis and potential for preserved upper limb function.
Lumbar SCI (L1-L5)Affects the lower back and legs, and varying degrees of bowel and bladder control.
Sacral SCI (S1-S5)Affects the lower back, buttocks, and legs and may impact bowel and bladder control, as well as sexual function.



Paralysis, the complete or partial loss of voluntary movement, is a defining characteristic of spinal cord injury (SCI).

  • Tetraplegia (quadriplegia) affects all four limbs and trunk (cervical injuries).
  • Paraplegia affects the lower limbs and torso (thoracic or lumbar injuries). Incomplete paraplegia allows some movement.

Loss of Limb


A surgical procedure where all or part of a limb is removed and is classified based on several factors:

  • Level refers to the location of the amputation on the limb (e.g., above-knee amputation, below-knee amputation, finger amputation).
  • Traumatic amputations are caused by motor vehicle accidents, falls, violence, or machinery accidents. These are the most common type, accounting for approximately 45% of cases.
  • Vascular amputations result from poor circulation due to diseases like diabetes or peripheral arterial disease (PAD). They are the leading cause, accounting for about 54% of personal injury law cases.
  • Congenital amputations are present at birth due to birth defects.
  • Disease-related amputations are necessitated by infections or tumours.

Soft Tissue Injuries

Scarring and Disfigurement

Scars and disfigurement are lasting changes caused by skin injuries. Scars form due to collagen build-up during healing, with types like raised keloids or indented atrophic scars. Disfigurement, from facial injuries to amputations, can significantly impact a person’s self-esteem and mental health, leading to anxiety and depression.

Other Serious Injuries


Drowning is the principal cause of unintentional death globally, claiming an estimated 236,000 lives annually, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).

Lawsuits and personal injury claims may target pool owners, public facilities, or daycare centers for inadequate safety measures, supervision, and personal injury compensation that lead to drowning.


Electrocution refers to the passage of a significant electrical current through the human body, causing injury or death in a personal injury case. Data shows electrocution is the fourth leading cause of death in the construction industry.

Personal injury accidents like electrocution can have legal implications in cases of someone else’s negligence. Experienced injury lawyers, with their lawsuits, may target employers, landlords, or product manufacturers for failing to uphold safety standards.

Requirements for a Personal Injury Claim

If you’re injured and believe someone else is responsible, you and the experienced personal injury lawyers should send a letter of claim to them and their insurance company. This letter should include documents proving the other party’s fault (liability) and the extent of your injuries (damages) which personal injury law firms require.

The insurance company has 14 days to acknowledge receipt of your claim. They then have 8 weeks to respond with either:

  • A denial of your claim, explaining their position and why they aren’t responsible (liability) and how much they believe your injuries are worth (damages), or an offer to settle the claim for a specific amount to such personal injury cases.
  • Information on whether the defendant themself will be personally handling the claim.

Letter of Claim Template

Your Ref:

Our Ref:






Dear Sir


[Plaintiff’s Name]

[Plaintiff’s Address]

  1. We act for [Plaintiff’s Name] (“our Client”). We are instructed to claim damages against you in connection with a road traffic accident on [date] at about [time] at [location], involving our Client and a vehicle with registration number [ ] driven by you at the material time (“the Accident”).
  2. We are instructed as follows:
    1. – [State Client’s instructions]
  3. We are instructed that the Accident was caused by your negligence as you had failed to: [state particulars of negligence]. As a result of the Accident, our Client has suffered personal injuries. His injuries are set out in the medical report(s) annexed to this letter.
  4. In brief, our Client was admitted to [state hospital] on [date]. He was found to have sustained [list injuries sustained by Client].
  5. Our client has been put to loss and expense, particulars of which are as follows:

[Table of Damages, Disbursements, and Total Amount]

  1. The witness(es) to the Accident is/are [Name of Witness(es)].
  2. A copy of each of the following supporting documents is enclosed:
    1. Police report [ ] dated [ ]
    2. Status of police investigations dated [ ]
    3. Inpatient Discharge Medical Summary from [the Hospital] on [date]
    4. Medical Report from [the Hospital] dated [ ]
    5. Letter from our Client to [the Hospital] dated [ ]
    6. Bills for medical treatment and payment receipts
  3. State [Medical Expert(s)]
  4. State [Insurance]
  5. State [Response (within 14 days)]
  6. State [Deadline]
  7. Please also note that if you have a counterclaim against our Client… (within 8 weeks)
  8. Should you have any queries, do not hesitate to reach [name] at [contact details].


Yours faithfully,





  1. [Defendant’s Insurer]





Protecting Yourself After Serious Injuries

Serious accidents have a profound impact on injury victims, leaving you not only with physical injuries but also with legal considerations with the help of injury lawyers in Edmonton. Burn injuries from a motor vehicle accident, paralysis, and other debilitating conditions can leave you facing overwhelming challenges. 

If you’ve been seriously injured in an accident, contact our personal injury law firm today for a free consultation and legal representation. Our experienced personal injury lawyer will fight to recover the treatment of our personal injury clients who deserve help in healing and moving forward.

Frequently Asked Questions

If your injury is serious and requires treatment and rehabilitation, or if it impacts your ability to work and earn a living, attending with a personal injury lawyer is recommended. Lawyers advise you on your legal rights and potential avenues for compensation.

Injury lawsuits aim to compensate victims for various losses, including:

  • Lost Wages
  • Loss of Earning Capacity
  • Pain and Suffering

Workers’ compensation has benefits for employees who suffer work-related injuries or illnesses. However, it may not cover all situations. For instance, if a third party caused your injury, you might be eligible for any compensation with the help of Edmonton personal injury lawyers to determine the best course of action.

Share this:

We’re not around right now. But you can send us an email and we’ll get back to you, asap.